Utilize the attached document “Causes of Fish Conservation Problem in Senegal” in addition to other online resources to outline the consequences that come from the issue/causes identified and that you may find. Minimum two pages single spaced with accurate reference page.
Utilize the attached document “Causes of Fish Conservation Problem in Senegal” in addition to other online resources to outline the consequences that come from the issue/causes identified and that you
Fish conservation problem in Senegal Causes Senegal, a country in western Africa. Located at the westernmost point of the continent and served by multiple air and maritime travel routes, Senegal is known as the “Gateway to Africa.” The country lies at an ecological boundary where semiarid grassland, oceanfront, and tropical rainforest converge; this diverse environment has endowed Senegal with a wide variety of plant and animal life. The Senegalese economy has traditionally revolved around a single cash crop, the peanut. The government, however, has worked to diversify both cash crops and subsistence agriculture by expanding into commodities such as cotton, garden produce, and sugarcane as well as by promoting nonagricultural sectors. The government was successful in making fishing, phosphates, and tourism major sources of foreign exchange at the beginning of the 21st century, although the condition of the transportation and power infrastructure placed limits on the amount of expansion possible. Exploitation of mineral resources such as gold, petroleum, and natural gas also diversified the economy. Fish are a key part of West African diets, but even more so in Senegal. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that almost half, or 47 percent, of Senegal’s protein comes from fish. But the catch does not belong to Senegal alone. Globally, wild fisheries like this one are in trouble — the share of overexploited fish populations has more than doubled since 1980, according to Our World in Data. (Syal et al., 2022) The depletion of this natural resource is blamed on foreign fishing vessels. Although many fish are obtained from the rivers, the greater part of the catch is obtained from the sea. Fishing products now lead all exports in terms of value, the result of many years of building up the industry. The waters off Senegal—particularly those at some distance from the shore—have an abundance of economically significant fish. Senegal’s coastal waters are also known for their large variety of fish, unlike most other African countries on the Atlantic seaboard. However, overfishing by foreign fisheries threatens this very lucrative source of income. Overfishing is one of the greatest threats to our ocean and jeopardizes the health, food security, and livelihoods of millions of people in coastal communities who depend on healthy, sustainable fisheries. Decades of mainly European and Asian trawlers scouring its coastline have meant that its waters have been overfished. As fish run out, artisanal fishermen are building larger boats to go further out to sea, making overfishing even worse. Syal, R., Kevany, S., & Grovestins, A. (2022, September 27). How Senegalese fish end up in factory farms. Pulitzer Center. Retrieved November 2, 2022, from https://pulitzercenter.org/stories/how-senegalese-fish-end-factory-farms