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 Complete the final section of your community needs assessment plan. In this section, explain how you will carry out and critique three strategies to address the problem. You will also consider the types of data that you would use to make decisions about how to implement the strategies.

Consider the following example:

Suppose that one of your strategies is to implement a job skills training program to address high unemployment among community members who are unskilled. In order to implement this strategy, you might take several steps, such as developing a curriculum, writing job descriptions for instructors, and creating an advertising/marketing campaign, to name a few. As you complete each step, you might also use different types of data to guide your decisions. For instance, you could review similar training programs in other communities to inform your curriculum, visit the Department of Labor website to identify qualifications, skills, and competitive pay rates for instructors, and speak to someone at the local unemployment office to determine a target audience for advertising and marketing. When critiquing the strategies, you will want to consider how well each strategy addressed the problem and how well it was implemented. 

To Prepare

  • Review the FAQ document in the Learning Resources and focus on the questions about implementing and critiquing strategies for a community needs assessment.
  • Reflect on the strategies that you prioritized in Week 4 for your community needs assessment plan.
  • Identify three strategies that you would implement first to address the social problem.
  • Consider the steps you would take to implement each strategy and the data that you would use to inform your decisions.
  • Reflect on how you would critique the strategies, both in terms of how well the strategy addresses the problem and how well it has been implemented. 

  • Refine the Problem Statement. Refine your problem statement, based on what you learned from your peers, your Instructor, and/or the Learning Resources this week and in previous weeks.
  • Next Steps. Develop a plan to carry out the top three strategies for addressing the problem using what you have learned about social change, prevention, advocacy, and consultation. Be sure to address the following in your plan:
    • Identify Strategies to Address the Problem. Identify the three strategies that you would carry out. Be sure to refer to the Prioritizing Strategies worksheet that you completed earlier in the course.
    • Carry Out the Strategies. Explain the steps that you would take to carry out the top three strategies to address the problem.
    • Identify Data to Carry Out the Strategies. Explain what type of data you would need to make decisions about how to implement the strategies (e.g., data to support programs, changes in service delivery, or policy change). Give two examples.
    • Critique the Strategies. Explain how you would critique the effectiveness of the proposed strategie

Running head: COMMUNITY NEEDS 1





Problem Statement: Poverty in Oahu, Hawaii Assessment Plan Problem Scope

Hawaii is a paradise; however, living there comes at a cost. Hawaii is notorious for its combination of the high cost of living and individual’s low incomes. Consequently, persons living in Hawaii with modest-to-moderate incomes face hardship. For instance, in terms of consumer goods and services, such as imputed rents of homeowners and housing costs, Hawaii soars as high as 18% higher than the national average. In contrast, New York and California states are high-priced states with 15-16% average prices higher than the national average. It is worth noting that the native Hawaiians have a relatively high poverty rate. For instance, the native Hawaiians are mostly homeless, and more than 200,000 individuals living on the island of Hawaii experience poverty due to the high cost of living. The new market economy introduced by the government has impacted the native Hawaiians greatly since many are not aware of it. The main reason for the failure of the latest market economy is that it does not help the poor native Hawaiians increase their economic base.

Vision Statement

To provide a flourishing economy, diverse and sustainable environment for people to live, work and be a model for global excellence and provide equitable growth opportunities.

Unintended Outcomes/Consequences

Difficulty in public management can result when addressing poverty in Hawaii; This may be caused by a lack of training, technical knowledge, and transparency in the administration; This leads to weak executions of the plans to solve the high costs of living. However, this can be avoided by promoting transparency and accountability, institution-building, and forging institutions that create trust and sustain developmental progress (Tackling the Most Urgent Challenges for the Poorest and Most Vulnerable, n.d.). Effective governance is crucial to reducing poverty in Hawaii.


Tackling the most urgent challenges for the poorest and most vulnerable. (n.d.). Retrieved September 28, 2021, from

Running head: ASSESSMENT PLAN 1


Name: Faiileono Tiumalu

Course: HUMN 6785

Professor: Dr. Vania Bright

Community Needs Assessment Plan Goals and Data Sources: Problem Statement

Oahu, Hawaii has a blatant stark difference in income among its residents. More than 30% of the residents live below the poverty line, representing the highest number of census tracts (Vorsino 2015). The poverty rate in Hawaii State is primarily driven by the population aged 18-64 on Oahu. The Native Hawaiian population is the race that is a primary concern when it comes to being underserved. On OahuFurthermore, this populationNative Hawaiians accounts for 9.4% of the unemployed; focusing on the population aged 18-64. In fact, Uunemployment and homelessness are the leading cause of poverty among Native Hawaiians. According to the 2016 statistics, the unemployment rate of this underserved populationNative Hawaiians in Oahu falls short of the national average for labor force participation rates among adults below the poverty level (Chang and Seitz 2021). Similarly, research by Partners in Care, a local coalition on Oahu whose objective is to eliminate homelessness, reveals that the Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders are overrepresented by 210% of the homeless population in Oahu, Hawaii. As such, the social problem this community needs assessment plan will address is unemployment and homelessness among Native Hawaiians in Oahu, Hawaii. Comment by Vania J. Bright: Again, just needs an edit for clarity. 9.4% of the 30%, or of that 30%, 9.4% is Native Hawaiian? Comment by Vania J. Bright: Edit for clarity and remove the colloquialism. I’m not sure what you mean by falls short. Comment by Vania J. Bright: I absolutely LOVE all your use of data and citations. You set up this social problem so well. Now, you just have to overtly state the problem. What do you think of the statement I added? Is that the social problem?

Really nice revision work!!!

Community Needs Assessment Plan Team Strategy

Goals Comment by Vania J. Bright: Per Stroh, there are two main theories of change: one that amplifies successes and one that improves existing situations. Which do your goals fit under?

· Provide educational programs to families and the community about the issue of homelessness and the factors that cause homelessness. Comment by Vania J. Bright: Be more precise here. Which families? Which community? What is the intent of these educational programs?

· Provide Native Hawaiian the youths with industry-focused skills programs that apply innovative practices to connect them to employers at an earlier stage of seeking jobs.

Data Sources Comment by Vania J. Bright: When you are thinking of the data you would need, think of the following:
What are the limits to your vision of success? In other words, what social structures (race, class, gender, abilities, age, region, policy, access to services, etc) may be a limiter to your vision/goals? Thus, what data will help you address these challenges (limiters)?

1. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Report- the team can use the report to evaluate American Native and Alaska Native housing needs and issues in Oahu, Hawaii (Mokuau 2013). The team can use the information to understand the housing conditions and market circumstances in Oahu, Hawaii. So far, the team has conducted an analysis of the housing needs of Native Hawaiians in various environments while concentrating on housing affordability and quality. This information was supplemented by the census analysis provided by housing organizations and professionals.

2. Local Reports- The team will review a local report derived from the “US Census Bureau, 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-year Estimates” on Oahu, Hawaii. The report provides information on the demography, social and economic characteristics of Oahu, Hawaii. Similarly, it includes information on housing characteristics based on the diverse race of the area (Peterson, Weden, and Shih 2017). The team can use the data source to understand the poverty in Oahu, Hawaii, by evaluating the fourteen race groups based on the population size and estimated percentage of the total population.

3. The Department of Labor and Industrial Relations (DLIR) Reports– provide information on the unemployment rate and eligible individuals for unemployment benefits in Oahu, Hawaii (Guerin 2015). The team can use this data source to understand the unemployment rate in Oahu, Hawaii. This will provide invaluable information on the individuals who are most affected by poverty and the cause. The team has collected and analyzed these reports to describe the intensity of change needed to the region.

4. Call Data Records (CDR). It is a type of anonymized data generated from mobile phone networks. The team can use this data source to develop high-resolution maps of the geographic distribution of poverty. Similarly, it allows the team to gain insight by predicting the poverty and wealth of individual subscribers. Approximately 83% of Oahu, Hawaii residents have access to mobile devices with internet subscriptions (Blumenstock, Cadamuro, and On 2015). CDRs have been used to capture both micro and macro patterns of human interactions. The team controls the individual anonymity of the residents through spatial and temporal aggregation. Comment by Vania J. Bright: Describe more how call data records can lead to this info.

5. Satellite Imagery and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Data- It uses the earth observation satellites to gather data through meteorological conditions and nighttime lights metrics, which are used to estimate economic activity (Pokhriyal and Jacques 2017). The team can use this method to improve the current economic production statistics of Oahu. However, this data source fails to provide information on micro and macro behavior and socioeconomic ties, which is crucial to gaining a better understanding of poverty in Oahu, Hawaii. GIS data is also used with satellite data to gain in-depth insight into the availability of natural and manmade resources and structures. Comment by Vania J. Bright: How this would help your social problem is unclear. Comment by Vania J. Bright:


Blumenstock, Joshua, Gabriel Cadamuro, and Robert On. 2015. “Predicting Poverty and Wealth from Mobile Phone Metadata.” Science 350 (6264): 1073–76.

Chang, Williamson, and Abbey Seitz. 2021. “It’s Time to Acknowledge Native Hawaiians’ Special Right to Housing – Honolulu Civil Beat.” January 8, 2021.

Guerin, Lisa. 2015. “Collecting Unemployment Benefits in Hawaii.” Nolo. March 19, 2015.

Mokuau, Noreen. 2013. “Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders.” Encyclopedia of Social Work.

Peterson, Christine, Margaret Weden, and Regina Shih. 2017. “Demographic, Social, Economic, and Housing Characteristics: Development of a U.S. Contextual Database of 1990–2010 Measures.”

Pokhriyal, Neeti, and Damien Christophe Jacques. 2017. “Combining Disparate Data Sources for Improved Poverty Prediction and Mapping.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 114 (46): E9783–92.

Vorsino, Mary. 2015. “Census: Oahu Has State’s Highest Concentrations of Rich and Poor.” KHNL/KGMB. December 5, 2015.

HUMN 6785 Final Project: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

For the Final Project, you will create a community needs assessment plan for a specific
social problem. Please read the following frequently asked questions (FAQs) and
answers to learn more about the Final Project.

1. How do I choose a social problem for my Final Project?
Choose a social problem that aligns with the human services profession, your
human services specialization, and your individual aims, morals, and values. The
problem should also affect your local community and exist on a global level.

Consider the following example. Due to mass incarceration, there is an
increasing number of children with incarcerated parents. This is considered a
local problem (e.g., parents are incarcerated in local jails or prisons and the
children of incarcerated parents in the community may suffer emotional, social,
and economic consequences as a result). On a local level, advocates and
consultants may respond by proposing a mentoring program within the school
system as a protective factor for these children. On a global level, the United
Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child may recognize the need for
structural-level social change and propose appropriate infrastructure such as
social services, schools as stabilizing factors, and community resources for
children of incarcerated parents in all countries.

2. How do community needs assessment plans integrate prevention,
consultation, and advocacy?
A community needs assessment entails assessing a social problem, identifying
the root causes of the problem, and determining what resources (assets) are
needed to address the problem. Prevention is generally rooted in public health
and wellbeing. When advanced human services professional practitioners
conduct community needs assessments, they consult with cross-disciplinary
teams of stakeholders to address and prevent social problems from reoccurring.
Many of these stakeholders have subject matter expertise, and act as
consultants to offer guidance on how a social problem should be addressed.
Advocacy involves taking up a cause and considering how policy, laws, and
process can contribute to the positive outcomes for affected individuals. Some
stakeholders on a community needs assessment team will also play the role of
an advocate.

3. Why am I referring to the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control (CDC)
Community Needs Assessment Participant Workbook as a guide for the
Final Project? Isn’t this workbook focused on health-related issues?
While the CDC workbook is mostly aligned with public health, it does provide a
template that is fully populated with examples that can be applied to social
problems like those encountered in the human services profession. There are
many templates that can be used to complete a community needs assessment,
ranging from simple to complex. However, the CDC workbook provides great

examples of how to complete an in-depth community needs assessment. For this
course, you will complete a shorter version and only plan the assessment.

4. How do I develop a vision statement that articulates what the problem
would look like if it were solved?
Think about how you envision the ultimate solution to the social problem. Use
clear, succinct, non-technical language to create one or two sentences that
describe what the successful community needs assessment looks like when
complete. For example, the vision of a mentoring program for children of
incarcerated parents is to provide a program with a 90% retention rate where
children have enhanced social and literacy skills.

5. How should I write questions for my interview with the informant?
Interview questions should be open-ended and directly related to the social
problem. The questions should not be personal. For example, a question
regarding access to clean drinking water might be: What is your experience with
access to clean drinking water in the community? Note: This question is open-
ended. It does not assume access, but rather leaves the question open. Second,
it draws upon the experience of getting access, which could be positive or

6. How do I create goals for a community needs assessment that relate to the
social problem I chose?
Goals are aspirational, high-level statements that articulate the desired outcomes
of the community needs assessment. Think about the needs associated with the
social problem when you are creating goals. For example: The goal of the xyz
project is to provide clean drinking water to the entire community within the first 6
months of funding.

7. How would I typically prepare for a meeting with the team that I
As a leader, you should never enter a meeting unprepared. Consider creating a
framework for discussions with community members and stakeholders. Use such
prompts as: What is my objective? What are the key questions and focus for the
group? What brainstorming prompts can I offer? What are the pros and cons of a
solution or strategy? What do we know about the current sentiment of the

8. Why is it important to determine a decision-making protocol to use with the
team prior to meeting?
Team members may come to meetings with strong preferences towards one
solution for solving the problem over another. Therefore, it is important to
determine a decision-making protocol to use before any decisions are made to
ensure that the process of choosing a solution is objective rather than subjective.

9. Once I have identified strategies to address the social problem, what type
of data should I use to decide how to implement the strategies?
For every social problem, there are authoritative resources that contain fact-
based data, which can guide decision-making about how to implement strategies
to address the problem. To find data about a social problem, you could start with
a general Internet search or a Google Scholar search. In your search, look for
credible, objective, and peer-reviewed sources, such as government
organizations and research-based organizations. For example, if the problem
pertains to high levels of unemployment, the Department of Labor may be one of
your sources. Similarly, if your problem pertains to the environment, the
Department of Energy may be one of your sources.

10. How should I critique the effectiveness of the proposed strategies?
As you work with your team, you will identify critical success factors for the
community needs assessment plan. Those success factors will help you critique
the effectiveness of the strategies that you implement to address the problem.
For example, if you and your team plan on implementing an afterschool program
to help children who struggle academically, you might measure your success by
verifying that every child in need is matched with a tutor.

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